: El guardagujas (Spanish Edition) (): Juan José Arreola, Jill Hartley, Dulce María Zúñiga: Books. http://www. A propósito de las elecciones, les comparto un fragmento de “El guardagujas” de Juan José.
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Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. In one case, where the train reached an abyss with no bridge, the passengers happily broke down and rebuilt the train on the other side.
This page was last edited on 8 Septemberat In the final lines of Arreola’s story the assertion of the stranger now referred to as the traveler that he is going to X rather than T indicates that he has become an absurd man ready to set out for an unknown destination.
Like most of Arreola’s stories, The Switchman’ can be interpreted in a variety of ways—as an allegory of the pitfalls of the Mexican train system, an existential horror story of life’s absurdities and human limitation, and the author’s desire to laugh in spite of the insanities of the world and human interaction. A stranger carrying a large suitcase runs towards a train station, and manages to arrive exactly at the time that his train bound for a town identified only as T.
The latter comes closest to the most convincing interpretation, namely, that Arreola has based his tale on Albert Camus ‘s philosophy of the absurd as set forth in The Myth of Sisyphus, a collection of essays Camus published in arreopa In areas where no rails exist, passengers simply wait for the unavoidable wreck.
Retrieved from ” https: The switchman then relates a series of preposterous anecdotes, alluded to below, that illustrate the problems one might encounter during any given journey.
It has been seen as a satire on Mexico’s railroad service and the Mexican character, as a lesson taught by the instincts to a human soul about to be born, as a modern allegory of Christianity, as a complex political satire, as a surrealistic fantasy on the illusive nature of reality, and as an existentialist view of life with Mexican modifications.
Suddenly, a train approaches and the switchman begins to signal it.
Views Read Edit View history. Where there is only one rail instead of two, the trains zip along and allow the first class passengers the side of the train riding on the rail. But upon inquiring again where the stranger wants to go, the switchman receives the answer X instead of Guardafujas.
Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. The railroad tracks melting away in the distance represent the unknown future, while the elaborate network of uncompleted railroads evokes people’s vain efforts to put into effect rational schemes. The stranger is warned that if he is lucky enough to board any train, he must also be vigilant about his point of departure. The stranger is also told it should make no difference to him whether or not he reaches T, that once he is on the train his life “will indeed take on some direction.
The details of the story do not really support his claim that he is indeed an official switchman, so it may be that his tales represent a system that presents absurdity as an official truth and relies on the gullibility of the audience.
Mexican literature short stories. The absurd human is aware not only of the limits of reason but also of the absurdity guardagujaas death and nothingness that will ultimately be his or her fate. As the man speculates about where his train might be, he feels a touch on his shoulder and turns to see a small old man dressed like a railroader and carrying a lantern.
As he gazes at the tracks that seem to melt away in the distance, an old man the switchman carrying a tiny kose lantern appears from out of nowhere and proceeds to inform the stranger of the hazards of train travel in this country. The switchman’s anecdote about the founding of the village F, which occurred when a train accident stranded a group of passengers—now happy settlers—in a remote region, illustrates the element of chance in human existence.
The Switchman (El Guardagujas) by Juan José Arreola, |
The absurd human is one who recognizes a lack of clear purpose in life and therefore resolves to commit himself or herself to the struggle for order against the unpredictable, fortuitous reality he or she encounters. Instead, they resembled the work of writers like Franz Kafka and Albert Camus and their examination of the joose condition. In their view, their elaborate system, which includes accommodations for years-long trips and even for deaths, is very good. As demonstrated by its numerous interpretations, “The Switchman” is fraught with ambiguity.
In some cases, new towns, like the town of F.
From the first lines of “The Switchman” the stranger stands out as a man of reason, fully expecting that, because he has a ticket to T, the train will take him there on time. Another episode involves a trainload of energetic passengers who became heroes absurd heroes in Camusian terms when they disassembled their train, carried it across a ce chasm, and reassembled it on the other side in order to complete their journey.
Why, then, does the switchman vanish at this moment? In addition, it is not really clear that the system does operate in the way the switchman claims: He vanishes because he has gardagujas his role as the stranger’s subconscious by not only asking the Camusian question “Why? He asks the stranger for the name of the station he wants to go to and the stranger says it is “X.
He arerola that those with authority create absurd laws and conditions in their domain, and their subjects often willingly accept these absurdities, much like ordinary train passengers. The stranger argues that he jhan be able to go to T.
El guardagujas de Juan Jósé Arreola by Davi Mesquita Bodingbauer on Prezi
When he asks if the train has left, the old man wonders if the traveler has been in the country very long and advises him to find lodging at the local inn for at least a month. The image immediately thereafter of the tiny red lantern swinging back and forth before the onrushing train conveys the story’s principal theme: Guzrdagujas, the stranger’s heavy suitcase symbolizes the burden of reason he wrreola about, and the inn resembles a jail, the place where others like him are lodged before setting out on life’s absurd journey.
The switchman explains how the railroad company thinks of their railway system. As the stranger is very interested in this, the switchman once again encourages the stranger to try his luck, but warns him not to talk to fellow passengers, who may be spies, and to watch out for mirages that the railroad company arreoal.
The Switchman Original title: Guardzgujas Language Association http: The “switchman” tells the stranger that the country is famous for its railroad system; though many timetables and tickets have been produced, the trains do not follow them well. The switchman then tells a story of certain train rides when the trains arrived at impossible locations.