12 Results Visit ‘s Flavius Vegetius Renatus Page and shop for all Flavius Vegetius Renatus books. Books by Flavius Vegetius Renatus. Showing. Vegetius. The most influential treatise on military strategy between the age of the era was written by the Roman citizen Flavius Vegetius Renatus in (approx.). Flavius Vegetius Renatus. A number of maxims have their origin in Vegetius, the most familiar of which is “He who desires peace, should prepare for war” (III.

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Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus

No one, I imagine, can doubt that the peasants are the most fit to carry arms for they from their infancy have reatus exposed to all kinds of weather and have been brought up to the hardest labor.

A general should also inform himself of all these particulars from persons of sense and reputation well acquainted with the country by examining them separately at first, and then comparing their rejatus in order to come at the truth with certainty. It was followed in quick succession by editions in Cologne, Paris and Rome.

See my section on Metaphors and Frames of Mind for more on this. They had wooden horses for that purpose placed in winter under cover and in summer in the field.

Thus the legion is compact and perfect in all its parts and, without any foreign assistance, has always been superior to any force that could be brought against it. The splendor of the arms has no inconsiderable effect in striking terror into an enemy. They supported for a long time the weight of all the wars and distinguished themselves so remarkably that the Emperors Diocletian and Maximian on their accession honored them with the titles of Jovian and Herculean and preferred them before all the other legions.

The work of Sun Tzu was unknown to western civilization for many centuries. If they could make them give way, they pursued them; but if they were repulsed by superior bravery or numbers, they retired behind their own heavy armed infantry, which appeared like a wall of iron and renewed the action, at first with their missile weapons, then sword in hand.

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus – Wikipedia

And the masters at arms were very careful to instruct them how to cast them with a proper aim and force. The first printed edition was made in Utrecht in The Tiber was then their only bath, and in it they refreshed themselves after their exercises and fatigues in the field by swimming. Among other things, it shows details of the siege engine called the onagerwhich afterwards played a great part in sieges until the development of modern cannonry.

A soldier, as he advances in rank, proceeds as it were by rotation through the different degrees of the several cohorts in such a manner that one who is promoted passes from the first cohort to the tenth, and returns again regularly through all the others with a continual increase of rank and pay to the first.


Bono Giamboni traduttore di Vegezio, in Volgarizzare, tradurre, interpretare nei secc. If the provinces cannot raise their quotas in kind, they must commute for them in money to be employed in procuring all things requisite for the service. The foot soldier finds the weight of a cuirass and even of a helmet intolerable. The Spaniards surpassed us not only in numbers, but in physical strength.

The most active and best disciplined men were selected for this service; and as their number was not very great, they easily retired in case of a repulse through the intervals of the legion, without thus occasioning the least disorder in the line.

If we follow the ancient practice, the begetius time for enlisting youth into the army is at their entrance into the age of puberty. Scipio Africanus, flaviys his battle with the Numantines, who had made a Roman army ignominiously pass under the yoke, thought he could have no likelihood of success except by mingling a number of select archers with every century.

These precautions often become doubly necessary as a siege is sometimes protracted beyond expectation, the besiegers resolving to suffer themselves all the inconveniences of want sooner than raise the siege, if they have any hopes of reducing the place by famine.

They rested during the acnon on one knee, so that if the first lines were obliged to give way, they flaviks be fresh when brought up to the charge, and thereby retrieve what was lost and recover the victory.

Having shown the ancient establishment of the legion, we shall now explain the names of the principal soldiers or, to use the proper term, the officers, and their ranks vegetiks to the present rolls of the legions. He evidently was not Valentinian I since his successor, Gratian, is named in the book.

And their marches, in that season of the year when the heat is excessive, should begin by break of day so that they may arrive at the place of destination in good time. Cato the Elder, who was often Consul and always victorious at the head of the armies, believed he vegetiys do his country more essential service by writing on military affairs, than by all his exploits in the field. His treatise Rei militaris institutaalso called Epitoma dlavius militariswritten sometime between andadvocated a revival of the old system but had almost no influence on the decaying military forces of the later Roman Empire.

He was instructed in what manner to advance and retire, and in short how to take every advantage of his adversary; but vegetiuw thus above all particularly cautioned not to lay himself open to his antagonist while aiming his stroke at him. This was formerly flavihs the pilum, but now it is known by the name of spiculum. The new levies also should be taught by the masters at arms the system of drill called armatura, as it is still partly kept up among us.


They also were assiduous in exercising their cavalry, not only in plains, but also on uneven ground, broken and cut with ditches.

Those who fought in the first line of their respective legions were called principes, in the second hastati, and in third triarii. The second Hastatus had likewise a century and a half, or one hundred and fifty men. Men are not degenerated in point of courage, nor are the countries that produced the Lacedaemonians, the Athenians, the Marsians, the Samnites, the Peligni and even the Romans themselves, yet exhausted.

They ranged the baggage, therefore, in the same manner as the regular troops under particular ensigns. The third is composed of five hundred and fiftyfive foot and sixty-six horse, generally vegetihs men, on account of its situation in the center of the first line. Every young soldier, without exception, should in the summer months be taught to swim; for it is sometimes impossible to pass rivers on bridges, but the flying and pursuing army both are often obliged to swim over them.

Raphael of Volterra vegetous him a Count of Constantinople. The Campignei or Antefignani are those whose duty it is to keep the proper exercises and discipline among the troops.

The Military Institutions of the Romans (De Re Militari)

Good generals are acutely aware that victory depends much on renatux nature of the field of battle. The old Romans were so conscious of its usefulness that they rewarded the masters at arms with a double allowance of provision. Flaius thrown from a height strike with greater force; and the party above their antagonists can repulse and bear them down with greater impetuosity, while they who struggle with the ascent have both the ground and the enemy to contend with.

But they are of little service to us in this respect, as they only relate the exploits and events of wars, and take no notice of the objects of our present enquiries, which they considered as universally known.

Teodorico Borgognoni vescovo, chirurgo e vevetius, Universita’ di Bologna, ottobre An abridgement of “the instructions and observations of our old historians of military affairs, or those who wrote expressly concerning them” Prefaceit is renauts that the Epitoma Rei Militaris was dedicated to the Byzantine emperor Theodosius I, probably in the AD s, sometime after the death of Gratian in AD I realize that in the vegetiud ages of the Republic, the Romans always raised their armies in the city itself, but this was at a time when there were no pleasures, no luxuries to enervate them.