ASTM D Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth). depth, etc.) Verify proper rebar sizes and placements. Verify proper reinforcing overlaps. Verify proper clearance and that chairs are. ASTM D Uploaded by Xavior. Standard Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil- Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow.

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Most gauges display this value directly. The density of the test sample asrm mass per unit volume is calculated by comparing the detected rate of gamma radiation with previously established calibration data. Soil testing Back to Results Print.

ASTM D6938

When divided by the density of water and then multiplied bythe water mass per unit volume is equivalent to the volumetric water content. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

For more information, contact: The quality of the result produced by this standard test method is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used.


This places the gamma and neutron sources and the detectors in the same plane. Measurements for water moisture content are taken at the surface in backscatter mode regardless of the mode being used for density. The direct transmission is the preferred method.

Most gauges display this value directly. For Individuals with needing special assistance for disabilities or limited English proficiency Please contact our Title VI specialist at The dry density of the test sample is obtained by subtracting the water mass per unit volume from the test sample wet density Section Request Quote Client Login.

Measurements for water moisture content are taken at the surface in backscatter mode regardless of the mode being used for density.

ASTM D6938 – 17a

The water content most prevalent in engineering and construction activities is known as the gravimetric water content, w, and is the ratio of the mass of the water in pore spaces to the total mass of solids, expressed as a percentage. The nondestructive nature allows repetitive measurements at a single test location and statistical analysis of the results.

Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

Soil testing Field Services: It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. The total or wet density of soil and soil-aggregate is measured by the attenuation of gamma radiation where, in direct transmission, the source is placed at a known depth up to mm 12 in.


ASTM D Standard

In addition, they are representative of the astmm digits that should generally be retained. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D does not in itself ensure reliable results.

The water mass per unit volume is determined by the thermalizing or slowing of fast neutrons by hydrogen, a component of water.

The neutron source and the thermal neutron detector are both located at the surface of the material being tested. The values atm inch-pound units ft — lb units are provided for information only.

This test method describes the procedures for measuring in-place density and moisture d9638 soil and soil-aggregate by use of nuclear equipment. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.