Anthropologie Structurale [C Levi-Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This reissue of a classic will reintroduce readers to Lévi-Strauss’s understanding of man and society in terms of individuals—kinship, social organization, religion. Get this from a library! Anthropologie structurale.. [Claude Lévi-Strauss].
|Published (Last):||20 September 2009|
|PDF File Size:||20.51 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.80 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This theory attracted students and researchers interested in a holistic approach, that was broad and deep, that related economic circumstances with mythological and spatial classifications and that explored the relationship between the natural world and religious, symbolic systems.
Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.
Elementary structures are based on positive marriage rules that specify whom a person must marry, while complex systems specify negative marriage rules whom one must not marrythus leaving room for choice based on preference.
Moreover, it is not just the nuclear family as such, but alliances between families that matter in regard to the creation of social structures, anrhropologie the typical structuralist argument that the position of an element in the structure is anthdopologie significant than the element itself. He strycturale, for example, how opposing ideas would fight and were resolved to establish the rules of marriagemythology and ritual.
For example, in the Amazon basin, two extended families would build their houses in two facing semicircles that together form a big circle. The marriage system was quite messy and the chance of it breaking down increased with the number of groups involved. This was long before structuralism. It is a “total prestation” as Mauss called it, as it carries the power to create a system of reciprocity in which the honour of both giver lefi recipient are engaged.
These status pevi can destabilise the entire system or can at least lead to an accumulation of wives and in the case of the Kachin, also of bridewealth at one end of the chain.
In reality, the system was strongly unbalanced with built-in status differences between wife-givers and wife-takers. This involves an asymmetric exchange between at least three groups. Structuralism Anthropology Anthropoloyie books. Accordingly, he grouped all possible kinship systems into a scheme containing three basic kinship structures constructed out of two types of exchange. Retrieved from ” https: Leach was more concerned with researching people’s actual straus than anthroologie the discovery of universal mental structures.
For them, social structures were primarily shaped by material conditions, property relations and class struggles.
The Yanomami fit very well into the alliance theory mold, while the Tallensi or Azande do not. In South America he showed that there are “dual organizations” throughout Amazon rainforest cultures, and that these “dual organizations” represent opposites and their synthesis.
Continued restricted exchange means that the two lineages marry together.
Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social. The second form of exchange within elementary structures is called generalised exchange, meaning that a man can only marry either his MBD matrilateral cross-cousin marriage or his FZD patrilateral cross-cousin marriage. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This type of anthropology, developed by late nineteenth-century and struccturale twentieth-century scholars, was eventually called “de Leidse Richting,” or “de Leidse School,”.
This article needs additional citations for verification.
And even if reciprocity was the primary principle that underlies marriages, the return would not have to be in kind but could take other forms such as money, livestock, services or favours of various kinds.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Overall, some lineages would accumulate more wives and material wealth than others, meaning that the system was not driven primarily by reciprocity.
Anthropologie structurale deux
Men sought to get the maximum profit in forms of either bridewealth or political advantage from their daughters’ marriage. Multiple researchers were educated in this school. His model explained practices that were not observed.
Social structures mirror cognitive structures, meaning that patterns anthropologid social interaction can be treated structirale their manifestations. Gift exchanges, therefore play a crucial role in creating and maintaining social relationships by establishing bonds of obligations.
Key theories Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.
Culture, he claimed, has to take into account strudturale life and death and needs to have a way of mediating between the two. For example, as the title implies, raw becomes its opposite cooked.
Structural anthropology – Wikipedia
Consequently, the last structuurale group in the chain is significantly inferior to the first wife-giving group to which it is supposed to give its wives. Elementary structures can operate based on two forms of exchange: Leach charged the latter with neglecting the effects of material conditions on social relations.
From a structural perspective matrilateral cross-cousin marriage is superior to its patrilateral counterpart; the latter has less potential to produce social cohesion since its exchange cycles are shorter the direction of wife exchange is reversed in each successive generation.
These tribal societies are made up of multiple moieties that often split up, rendering them comparatively unstable. Articles that may contain original research from March All articles that may contain original research Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Articles with multiple maintenance issues.
Hegel explains that every situation presents two opposing things and their resolution; Fichte had termed these ” thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. Prescribing exogamy creates a distinction between marriageable and tabooed women that necessitates a search for women outside one’s own kin group “marry out or die out” and fosters exchange relationships with other groups.
Saussure argued that linguists needed to move beyond the recording of parole individual speech acts and come to an understanding of languethe grammar of each language.