Music has always been esteemed for its power to speak directly to our higher consciousness. Alain Danielou traces the development of musical scales and. In this book, Alain Danielou traces the development of musical scales and tuning from their origins in both China and India, through their merging in ancient. Music and the Power of Sound by Alain Danielou, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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But we should be careful not to take literally such classifications, which are more theoretical than practical. But this leads nowhere and flagrantly contradicts experience. T he srutis and their expressive qualities 86 The work of a theorist is to m easure human song to find out its laws, and not to write, on a p riori grounds alone, an artificial scale composed of any ratios he may care to adopt.

Music and the Power of Sound : The Influence of Tuning and Interval on Consciousness

Book ratings by Goodreads. Learn how your comment data is processed. To the symbols of the Greek alphabetic notation of the scale, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, aa, are added five upper sounds and one lower sound, gam m a, to give a scale of twenty-two sounds. There is, consequently, no theoretical reason why the same expressions, the same realizations, should not be equally possible through these different forms. Another element of Western music that has something in common with the raga is the figured bass, which leaves every possibility open for variation powed defines the expressive outline in advance.

We thereby obtain a division of the major tone into nine intervals, the minor tone into eight and the diatonic major half tone into five. Understanding these potent harmonic relationships offers a way for today’s musicians to transcend the limitations of overly rationalistic music by drawing on its metaphysical roots. In the ancient law, Hebraic or Hindu, the numbers and srutis of the lost gram as scales are piously kept, but in the new law Islamthey are left out of the general theory because they are so rarely used.

The major tone is thus alaon into minor tone, apotome or major half toneand limma: This is also true to a certain extent in Western musi.


On the other hand, the object of desi music is usually only pleasure or the poweg of human feelings and passions, so desi systems vary greatly from country to country and from time to time. According to the symbolism of numbers, these proportional divisions are connected with certain ideas, forms,’and emotions. It is unfortunate that this deficiency regarding wound knowledge of the elements of acoustic reality has not prevented many a Western scholar from writing books about scales.

T he T onic a n d th e C osm ic C ycles Quite independently of the danieliu of the gram as—that is, of whether the first or the fourth note is taken as the tonic of each scale—the first note of the diatonic series itself varies through history. Between midnight and midday the vddi is in the upper tetrachord lowerfrom Pa G to Sa C. Want to Read saving…. W e shall again meet the peculiar inversion of the Atisvara and Panchama of the Vedic scale when we study the Pythagorean theory.

Thus is truly the distinction of the moods [rasas] of the seven notes. There is no question of shortcuts nor of the rediscovery of ancient roads long abandoned. This is the basis on which develops the whole dahielou of the harmony of fifths, which through their cycles form first a series of twelve sounds, then a series of fifty-two sounds, soudn finally a series of sixty sounds within the octave.

One often hears stupidities from people incapable of observation; it is with relief that one reads these considerations of luminous clarity about facts we tend to ignore but which represent a sacred and attractive threshold.

Music and the Power of Sound – Alain Daniélou – Book Review – Unfretted

The ear cannot perceive air [which is perceived by the sense of touch], therefore the Mrnmmsakas the exponents of mtrmmsa, the philosophical system of Jaimini consider that air waves [literally, alternations of pressure and decompression], and consequently sounds, are not perceived by the ear as an air vibration. What subjects the book covers This is a very comprehensive study of the history of musical systems, how they came about and how they are structured.

To understand this differentiation, we may remember that in a similar way the sequences of seasons, according to A. Like all ancient peoples, the Greeks attached great importance to the power of modes aoain a means of imposing upon the mind certain conceptions and points of view.

» Music and the Power of Sound

Starting from metaphysical principles, the Indians have recreated the theory of sounds. But this classification, more convenient in practice for musicians, requires some experience of music and is therefore less easily handled by scholars.


Geraldine Hettigoda marked it as to-read Jun 09, Ritual music must necessarily follow the rules imposed by m arga theory. At the date b. This is called Shadja gram a scale of C. This note is called vddi that which speaks. It is therefore probable that the application of Greek data has been slightly misrepresented.

We shall see that in the first case, the basis is generally the interval of the octave and the relations of the notes to a fixed sound—the tonic. Description Music has always been esteemed for its power to speak directly to our higher consciousness, a power founded in the purity of simple harmonic ratios. Plants are less luxuriant and appear oppressed eighth moon. Hearers can be differentiated negatively only by the relative acuteness of their perceptions, their greater or lesser deafness.

Still, every system exclusively based oc the properties of fifths remains incomplete from certain points of view. There are three main divisions of the day: The main divisions are therefore: T he ancient Indians were aware of the equivalence of the two systems, and treatises insist that the same thing can be expressed by the succession of notes in a well- established thhe or by the harmony of simultaneous sounds, the cosmic and emotional correspondences being the same in both cases.

This system makes the comparison of intervals very easy. The seven principal notes, or svaras, are called: The Chinese system of correspondences is logical and coherent.

Music and the Power of Sound: The Influence of Tuning and Interval on Consciousness

The notes that, do not belong to the mode are called vivddt dissonant. In this way, successive series of twelve fifths will be placed one above the other at one-comma intervals, up to the 52 nd fifth note The fundamental expresses the majesty of the emperor. This is an allusion to celestial action.

The huang zhong [I] is fundamental for sacrifices to heaven and to the shang ti.